The Impact of Strabismus

Strabismus is an eye disorder that affects people of all ages, from newborns to adults. Also known as “crossed eyes” or “squint eyes,” strabismus is characterized by misalignment of the eyes, resulting in an averted gaze. This condition can not only affect physical appearance, but can also have a significant impact on visual function and quality of life for sufferers.

The causes of this visual condition can be variable and exclusive depending on the case or the patient, but normally the common causes are neurological damage, damage to motor control of the eye or genetic inheritance.

It is important to consult with the ophthalmologist, the sooner the strabismus is detected, the results with the treatment will be more favorable, the ophthalmologist identifies the type of strabismus and its severity.

Types of strabismus:

  • Esotropia: The deviation is inward.
  • Exotropia: The deviation is outward.
  • Hypertropia: The deviation of one eye is upwards.
  • Hypotropia: The deviation of one eye is downward.

As mentioned at the beginning, the impact of strabismus is not only aesthetic, visual functioning is greatly affected by this condition in the eye. Strabismus can cause difficulty focusing and following moving objects, it also affects depth perception and visual coordination and clearly the emotional impact that the patient may feel.

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But not everything is bad, fortunately there are several alternatives with which strabismus can be addressed and treated, the most appropriate treatment will be indicated by the ophthalmologist according to the diagnosis and the patient’s condition.

Some treatments are:

  • Optical correction: Use of special glasses or contact lenses to correct refractive errors associated with strabismus.
  • Vision Therapy: Exercises and activities designed to strengthen the eye muscles and improve eye coordination.
  • Strabismus Surgery: Surgical procedure to correct ocular alignment and improve binocular vision.

Strabismus is a simple ocular deviation. Although it must be attended by an ophthalmologist specializing in strabismus since it can affect the vision and quality of life of those who suffer from it. However, with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment options, it is possible to correct and improve ocular alignment, as well as promote healthy binocular vision. Do not forget that each case of strabismus is unique, which is why it is important to go to the ophthalmologist and consult which is the best option to help our eyesight.

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